Trauma Case Conference: September 2016

Presented by Dr. Muhamed


The Case:

35yo F presented via EMS s/p MCC vs. auto. The patient was found to be hypotensive in the field that was fluid responsive per EMS. On arrival to trauma center, the patient was noted to have a gross deformity of her left leg with an active hemorrhage. She was also noted to have an unstable pelvis. Vital signs were remarkable for tachycardia to 110s. The patient was awake, alert with a GCS of 14. Bedside FAST was negative. The bleeding from the LLE was quickly controlled and a pelvic binder quickly applied for stabilization. Just prior to applying the pelvic binder, a pelvic XR revealed an open book pelvic fracture. The patient was intubated for anticipated course and was taken urgently to the OR.

 

Teaching Points:

Pelvic binder application should be rapid when an unstable pelvic fracture is recognized given the risk of on-going hemorrhage

  • The pelvis can accumulate up to 5L of fluid in the setting of pelvic fractures
  • Venous hemorrhage is more common than arterial hemorrhage

 

Mortality rates in unstable open pelvic fractures are as high as 70%

 

Management options to control hemorrhage in the setting of open pelvic fractures include:

  • Angiography + embolization
  • Packing
  • External fixation

 

References:

Suzuki T, Smith WR, Moore EE. Pelvic packing or angiography: competitive or complementary? Injury. 2009 Apr;40(4):343-53.

Marx JA, Hockberger R, Walls RM. Rosen’s Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice (7th edition), Mosby 2009.

Cullinane DC, Schiller HJ, Zielinski MD, Bilaniuk JW, Collier BR, Como J, Holevar M, Sabater EA, Sems SA, Vassy WM, Wynne JL. Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma practice management guidelines for hemorrhage in pelvic fracture–update and systematic review. J Trauma. 2011 Dec;71(6):1850-68.

The views expressed on this blog are the author's own and do not reflect the views of their employer. Please read our full disclaimer here. Any references to clinical cases refer to patients treated at a virtual hospital, Janus General Hospital.

Jay Khadpe MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
Associate Residency Director
University of Florida College of Medicine – Jacksonville

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